Northern and southern Castanea mollissima
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来源 日期:2020-12-03 11:29 浏览:
There are many varieties of chestnut in China. According to the statistics of relevant departments, there are more than 300 local varieties. According to the producing areas, Chinese chestnut is generally divided into two types: Northern and southern. Most of the northern chestnut is used for frying and eating, while the southern chestnut is used for cooking.
1、 Castanea mollissima
It is mainly distributed in the Yanshan and Taihang Mountains of North China and its adjacent areas. It includes Hebei, Beijing, Northern Henan, Shandong, Shaanxi, Gansu and Northern Jiangsu. It is characterized by small fruit shape, average weight of about 10 grams per grain; flesh waxy, sugar content up to 20%; pulp starch content is low, protein content is high; peel color is deep, glossy; strong flavor, astringent skin easy to peel, suitable for fried food, called sugar fried chestnut.
2、 Castanea mollissima
They are mainly distributed in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Hubei, Hunan and southern Henan. In this area, high temperature and rainy weather, chestnut nuts have large fruit shape, average weight of a single grain is about 15g, the maximum is 25g, but the sugar content is low, the starch content is high, and the meat quality is japonica, so it is mostly used as vegetable chestnut. There are many varieties of Chinese chestnut from north to south in China, and there are differences in characteristics and characteristics between southern and Northern varieties. Generally, the quality of the southern varieties is not as good as that of the northern varieties, and the meat quality is partial to japonica, which is suitable for cooking, also known as vegetable chestnut.